proxima
Proxima Centauri, the closest, one of the brightest stars, has a planet. Hubble/ESA/Wikimedia

The Closest Stars

Star Magn. Dist.(LY) Class
Sun 4.83 0.000016 G2 V
α Centauri C 15.6 4.25 UV Ceti
α Centauri A,B 5 4.37 G2 V
Barnard's Star 13.2 6 M3.8V
Walf 359 16.7 7.8 M5.8Vc
Lalande 21185 10.5 8.3 M2.1Vc
Sirius 1.42 8.6 A1Vm

The Brightest Stars from Earth

Star Magn. Dist.(LY) Class
Sun 4.83 0.000016 G2 V
Sirius 1.42 8.6 A1Vm
Canopus –5.71 310 A9 II
α Centauri A 4.37 4.4 G2 V
Arcturus −0.30 37 K0 III
Vega 0.582 25 A0 Va
Capella 0.296 43 K0 III

1 (Ly) = 0.3066 (PC) Parsec
1 (Ly) = 63241.08 (AU) Astronomical Unit
1 (Ly) = 5878625373184 Miles
1 (Ly) = 9460730472581 Kilometres

Light-year: The distance over which light can travel in a year's time in a vacuum, 5.88 trillion miles (9.46 trillion kilometers); -- used as a unit in expressing stellar distances. It is more than 63,000 times as great as the distance from the earth to the sun. The star nearest to the earth's sun is about 4 light years distant.
‣ [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]